State Transportation Funding

States raising transportation revenue


With the Highway Trust Fund still headed for insolvency due to declining vehicle miles traveled and more fuel-efficient vehicles, states are increasingly coming up with their own plans for raising additional transportation revenue — while hoping the federal government finds a way to continue being a strong partner in their efforts. This resource (below on this page) details the current and recent plans that were considered, as well as information on the successful plans to raise revenue at the state level for transportation.

Also, don’t miss our ongoing blog series taking a closer look at some of the plans in these states.

Lessons from Recent Successes


State Funding Report Promo featured

Since 2012, twelve states have responded by enacting new revenue sources for transportation, while dozens more have considered such legislation. Each legislative package was crafted to respond to the unique challenges of the state where it was passed, but each contains lessons for other states looking to address their funding needs. This new report examines the factors that led to success in these states, featuring six detailed case studies of states that successfully raised transportation revenue in the last few years.

Learn more and read the report



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Does raising taxes = political suicide?

Are voters more supportive of raising revenue than we think? Read our analysis of the elections that followed successful votes on state legislation to raise new transportation revenue.

Are you engaged at the state level?

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Then you’ll want to be part of our new state advocacy network supporting efforts in states to raise transportation revenue and ensure that it gets spent wisely. Find out more and how to join.

Transportation Vote 2014

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In November 2014, a handful of measures and races were decided at ballot boxes across the country related to new revenue for transportation at the local or state level. Read more about a few of the important issues we’ll be keeping an eye on.

 


State legislation to raise transportation revenue

Click a tab to see details on the plans that are being considered, have been enacted, or were considered in the past two years..

The state of play in 2015

Here are the details on the legislative plans to raise transportation revenue being actively considered during the 2015 legislative sessions.

ENACTED 2015

Georgia

HB 170 – Enacted 

  • Increase fuel excise tax to 26 cents per gallon (29 cents per gallon for diesel)
  • Index the excise fuel tax rates to both average vehicle fleet efficiency and the consumer price index (used until July 2018)
  • Exempts fuel from current sales tax, except for the 1 percent that counties impose
  • Imposes new registration fees for electric vehicles ($200/yr for noncommercial, $300/yr commercial)
  • Heavy vehicles registered in Georgia pay a highway impact fee annually of $50 for vehicles between 15,500-26,000 lbs. and $100 for weights greater than 26,000 lbs.
  • Institutes a $5-per-night fee for short-term lodging, made exclusively for transportation purposes in the state
  • Gives the ability to counties and groups of counties to impose a limited duration transportation purpose local option sales tax of up to 1 percent by ballot.

HB 60 – policy largely incorporated into H.B. 170 above  

Would amend the local option sales tax (T-SPLOST) law. It would allow any county to raise a local sales tax of up to 1 percent with approval of the county commission and voter referendum. Mayors or other local government leaders in the county would identify road, bridge, transit, rail, port and airport projects to be funded before the tax was put to approval by the county commission and voters. Counties would be allowed to bond against this revenue.

Under the existing law which this bill would amend, a local option sales tax referendum could only be held at a date set by the legislature and only across a region defined by the legislature. The timing and the size of the district were cited as factors in the notable defeat of the Atlanta region T-SPLOST in 2012.

HB 213 – Enacted 4/2/2015  

HB 213 removes the previous restriction that limited MARTA (Atlanta’s regional transit system) to spending no more than 50% of its locally-raised revenue to fund operations. A previous version of this bill would have also allowed the cities and counties that support MARTA to increase the sales tax dedicated to the system by 0.5 percent (via ballot measures), but this provision was removed from the final bill.

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 Idaho

HB 312 – Enacted 4/10/2015  

HB 312 will raise the state gas tax by 7 cents per gallon (to 32 cents per gallon) and increase annual registration fees to $21 for cars, $10 for motorcycles and $25 for commercial and farm vehicles. Hybrids and electric cars now face an additional fee of $75 and $140, respectively, which will be distributed into the highway account. The bill will also dedicate some excess dollars from the general fund to statewide roads projects. In total, the bill will increase revenues for transportation by $94 million per year.

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Iowa

SSB 1168/HSB 129 – Enacted 

Would increase fuel taxes by 10 cents per gallon and increase vehicle permit fees to raise $215 million for roads and highways annually. It was passed through a bipartisan legislature and signed by Republican Governor Terry Branstad.

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Kentucky

HB 299 – Enacted 3/25/2015 

HB 299 will raise the floor on the assessed wholesale fuel price, setting the minimum tax to 24.6 cents per gallon. The current rate is 27.5 cents per gallon but the rate was expected to fall to 22 cents per gallon on the April 1 automatic adjustment date due to falling gas prices, so this act prevented a $292 million cut in revenue.

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North Carolina

SB 20 – Enacted 

Reduces the gas tax in North Carolina from 37.5 cents to 34 cents per gallon by the end of 2016, but it amounts to a higher tax than what would have been calculated with the drop in fuel prices and no changes to its calculation. Beginning in January 2017, the gas tax is automatically adjusted based 75 percent on population increases and 25 percent on changes in the Consumer Price Index. The result is a $13.5 million reduction in transportation revenues in the short-term, but a $400 million gain from changes in the calculation in the gas tax.

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South Dakota

SB 1 – Enacted 

Increases motor fuels taxes by six cents-per-gallon (to 28 cents per gallon) to raise an extra $40.5 million annually; increases vehicle sales tax by one percentage point, for an extra $27-$30 million annually; increases vehicle registration and weight fees; expands abilities for counties and townships to levy local option property taxes for road and bridge repair and construction (with approval by voter referenda) and increases optional county vehicle registration fees; and creates a local bridge improvement competitive grant fund.

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Utah

HB 362 – Enacted 3/27/2015  

HB 362 raises the tax on gas from 24.5 cents per gallon to a 12 percent assessed rate beginning January 1, 2016, with a floor on the gas tax rate 5 cents per gallon higher than today and able to increase up to an assessed tax of 40 cents per gallon. On diesel, natural gas, and hydrogen it incrementally increases the tax rate to 16.5 cents by July 1, 2018, (an increase of 8 cents per gallon for diesel and natural gas and a new 16.5 cents per gallon equivalent tax applied to hydrogen). A road-usage charge revenue system will be studied for potential future implementation in the state.  The bill also enables counties to raise a quarter-cent local sales tax to fund local roads, transit, bicycle or pedestrian infrastructure or other transportation projects.

This package will increase state transportation revenue by $76 million by FY2017.


ACTIVE

California

Proposed by Speaker Toni Atkins (D-San Diego)

Would raise vehicle fees approximately $52 a year ($1 a week), with payment possibly linked with insurance payments. This plan would raise $1.8 billion when the state is looking at a $59 billion bill in overdue highway and infrastructure maintenance.

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Hawaii

HB 1486 — Passed Finance Committee 2/19/2015 

Would replace the fixed, cents-per-gallon fuel tax with a percentage fuel tax, with a floor set at the current rate.

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Louisiana

HB 712 — Introduced

HB 712, introduced by House Transportation Chair Rep. Karen St. Germain, would increase the tax on motor fuels, including special fuels, by 4 cents per gallon and dedicate new revenues to parishes through the existing Parish Transportation Fund.

HB 742 — Introduced

HB 742, introduced by Rep. Walt Leger, would create a new, more transparent process by which the state department of transportation would select projects.

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Minnesota

Governor Dayton’s proposal

Would raise $6 billion over 10 years raised through new 6.5 percent wholesale tax on fuels. It would also increase vehicle fees and enact a half percent increase in the metro area sales tax.

SF 87 — Introduced 

Would enact a 6.5 percent wholesale tax on motor fuels. It would increase vehicle fees and enact a one-percent sales tax across the entire seven-county Twin Cities metro area to fund transit and bike and pedestrian projects.

The bill would annually appropriate:

  • $800 million to Corridors of Commerce;
  • $200 million to Transportation Economic Development;
  • $300 million for local bridges;
  • $100 million for local roads;
  • $122 million for rail grade separation projects;
  • $10 million  for rail service improvement;
  • $10 million for Intercity passenger rail; and
  • $16 million for greater state transit

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Missouri

HB 738 — Introduced

Introduced by Rep. Dave Hinson (R-St. Clair), this bill would replace the cents-per-gallon fuel tax with a new 10.59% tax on gas and diesel, with a floor to ensure rates do not drop below the current rate.

H.B. 823 — Introduced

Would index vehicle fees to increase (or decrease) with inflation.

H.B. 995 — Introduced 

Would increase the fuel tax rate by 2-cents-per-gallon.

S.B. 540 — Introduced 

Would increase the fuel tax by two cents-per-gallon each year for the next three years, and then index the rate to inflation.

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Montana

H.B. 0275 — Introduced

Would increase the wholesale gas tax by 5-cents-per-gallon. The revenues of 3 cents would be dedicated to maintenance of county and city roads, while the revenues of the remaining 2 cents would be dedicated to transit.

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Nebraska

L.B. 610 — Introduced

Would increase the retail fuel tax by 2-cents-per-gallon and increase the wholesale fuel tax by 10 cents per gallon.

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New Jersey

A. 801 — Passed State Assembly

Would direct turnpike authorities to study additional revenue options from expanded services, communications towers, or advertising at rest areas. It passed the Assembly 75-1.

S. 1865 — Introduced

Would increase the gas and diesel taxes by 5-cents-per-gallon-per-year for the next three years.

S. 1896 — Introduced

Would legalize marijuana, levy a sales tax on marijuana purchases, and dedicate 70 percent of the tax revenue generated to the state transportation trust fund for construction of transportation projects.

S. 2051 — Introduced

Would change the fixed, cents-per-gallon gas tax to a variable tax based on the average retail price of gas.

A. 3861 — Introduced

Would dedicate a portion of the sales tax derived from electricity, natural gas, and hydrogen used to fuel motor vehicles to the Transportation Trust Fund.

ACR 151 –Introduced

Would amend the State Constitution to dedicate all revenue derived from motor fuels tax to the Transportation Trust Fund.

SCR 106 — Introduced

Would amend the State Constitution to dedicate all revenue derived from motor fuels tax to the Transportation Trust Fund.

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New Mexico

H.B. 58 — Introduced

Would increase fuel taxes by one cent per gallon each year from 2016 to 2021 (five cents total increase). The bill would also reduce the portions of state fuel tax revenues which are allocated to local governments.

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Oregon

H.B. 2550 — Introduced

Would increase the vehicle fuel tax by 5-cents-per-gallon and automatically increases the tax by an additional 5-cents-per-gallon every five years beginning in 2021.

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South Carolina

Governor Haley’s Proposal

Governor Haley proposed a 10-cent-per-gallon gas tax increase paired with a 30 percent cut in the state’s income tax. The gas tax increase is projected to raise $3 billion over the next ten years for roads and bridges, while the income tax cut would reduce general revenues by $8.5 billion. The governor’s proposal also calls for reforming the way transportation commissioners are selected.

H.B. 3445 — Introduced

Would establish a road user fee of seven cents in addition to the existing gasoline tax on gasoline and diesel.

S.B. 27 — Introduced

Would raise user fees on gasoline and diesel by two cents per year for the next 10 years, and would simultaneously provide for an annual 0.2 percent reduction in income tax rates beginning in 2014 and ending in 2025. As a result, gas prices would rise from the current 16 cents-per-gallon to 36 cents-per-gallon by 2025.

S 523 — passed by Senate Finance Committee on 3/26/15

S 523 would increase the fuel tax by a total of 12-cents-per-gallon over the next three years. The fuel tax would also be annually adjusted to inflation (but the rate could not be increased by more than two-cents-per-gallon in one year and an increase could be suspended if it would make the rate higher than that in neighboring Georgia or North Carolina). The bill  would also increase drivers license fees and vehicle registration fees and taxes. The bill would raise approximately $800 million annually for road and bridge construction.

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Tennessee

H.B. 422/S.B. 354 — Introduced

Would impose a highway maintenance fee of 2.85 cents per mile driven by commercial vehicles and impose a surcharge of 13 cents per gallon of diesel fuel used by freight motor vehicles.

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Texas

SB 5 — Introduced 

Would allocate the first $2.5 billion in annual car sales tax revenue to the state’s general fund, with the additional revenue collected going to the state highway fund.

HB 202 — Introduced

Would send half of the motor vehicle sales tax to the state highway fund; prohibits use of the funds on toll projects.

HB 203 — Introduced

Would send the auto parts sales tax to the state highway fund; prohibits use of the funds on toll projects.

HB 1836 — Introduced

Would send 10 percent of the sales taxes to the state highway fund; prohibits use of these funds on toll projects.

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Vermont

HB 488 — enacted 3/26/15

H.B. 488 sets a floor on the percentage portion of the fuel tax rate at $0.0415 per gallon. The provision would not increase current rates but would keep revenue level should fuel prices fall further than they already have, to below $2.08 per gallon.

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Washington

SB 5987 — Passed the Senate 

Would increase fuel tax 11.7-cents-per-gallon over three years; increase vehicle weight and drivers license fees; increase the cap on local option vehicle fees from $20 to $40 (if the local district has imposed a $20 fee for at least two years); allow transit benefit districts in metro Seattle counties to impose a sales and use tax of up to 0.3 percent by referendum; allow Sound Transit to impose a vehicle tax of up to 0.3% and/or a property tax of 0.1 mil, by referendum; allow for the creation of passenger ferry funding districts; and use fees on electric and hybrid vehicles to create an electric vehicle infrastructure bank.

H.B. 1300/S.B. 5385 — Introduced

Would increase license fees and weight permit fees; create an electric vehicle infrastructure bank; dedicate certain funds for priority highway projects, transit, safe routes to school, complete streets, and local governments; and would increase the allowed local vehicle fees.

H.B. 1393/S.B. 5326 — Introduced

Would authorize certain public transportation districts with total populations of over 700,000 and city populations of 75,000 to impose sales and use taxes with approval by voters.

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West Virginia

SB 478 — Introduced

Would raise the diesel tax by 6 cents over 3 years. Would raise the sales tax by 1 cent and allocate the money to the state’s road fund used for construction, reconstruction, maintenance, and repair of highways and bonds issued for such purposes. Would raise fees for motor vehicle registration, licensing, and salvage fees. Would establish a state infrastructure bank and state infrastructure fund.

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States that successfully raised revenue from 2012-2014

Below this map are the details on the successfully enacted legislative plans that raised revenues at the state level from 2012-2014. Plans that merely move money around, authorize a general fund transfer, or increase bonding authority are generally not included here — this only charts new revenue for transportation, not spending. Note: states have varying schedules for their legislative sessions. *This list does not include states that passed bills enabling certain localities to raise their own revenues for transportation. For more info on these states that have passed “enabling legislation” see this short primer on enabling legislation that includes a map, from our Measuring Up package.

Click to jump to the details on a state plan.

Arkansas (2012)
Delaware (2014)
Florida (2014)
Maryland (2013)
Massachusetts (2013)
New Hampshire (2014)
Ohio (2013)
Pennsylvania (2013)
Rhode Island (2014)
Vermont (2013)
Virginia (2013)
Wyoming (2013)

Arkansas

Enacted – Constitutional amendment passed by legislature (HJR 1001) in 2011; passed by voters in November 2012.

The state can issue $1.3 billion in new general obligation bonds, mostly for a 4-lane state highway network. A portion of these revenues will be given to city and county governments to repair rural and local roads. The voters approved an increase in the statewide sales tax (half a penny) to repay the bonding. Bonds must be repaid in 10 years at which time the sales tax is rescinded. Intended for roads, and specifically a four-lane state highway network.

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Delaware

Enacted — Increase in tolls

Tolls on State Route 1 were raised by $1 on weekends, which will generate $20 million annually. The new funds will avoid cuts for the Community Transportation Fund which pay for local transportation projects, and will help raise revenue for road maintenance. Intended for state highways, road maintenance.

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Florida

Enacted – HB 7175 was enacted in 2014

This broad transportation package includes new revenue from leasing right-of-way for cell phone towers near state roads and advertisements on state nature and recreational trails. It also calls for more toll roads. Intended for roads, and an increase of maintenance revenue.  (Ch. 2014-223, L.O.F of HB 7175)

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Maryland

Ch. 429 (HB 1515) enacted in 2013

This will raise $4.4 billion over six years, which includes borrowing ability against future revenues. It would:

  • Index the gas tax to inflation starting immediately (with a ceiling of no more than 8% in any given year.)
  • Add a 3 percent sales tax at the pump, phased in over a period of three years starting summer 2013.
  • Requires indexing transit fares charged by the MTA to inflation via the consumer price index.
  • The sales tax on gasoline will increase to 4% if the congressional ban on internet sales tax is lifted, otherwise, the tax goes up 5% if Congress does not lift the ban
  • Modes aren’t defined, but it does fund the unified state transportation trust fund which funds ALL modes.

Read our detailed post on the details in Maryland’s plan.

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Massachusetts

Chapter 46 of Acts of 2013 (H3535) enacted in 2013. (Proposal started with the Governor, legislature responded, governor vetoed, legislature overrode that veto)

  • Raises the gas tax 3 cents and indexes it to inflation
  • Requires MassDOT and MBTA to raise a greater portion of their costs—up to an additional $229 million per year—from tolls, fees, fares and other sources and from efficiencies
  • Dedicates other state funds—including all proceeds from vehicle sales taxes—to transportation
  • Increases taxes on cigarettes and tobacco products

Don’t miss our longer post on the proposals in Massachusetts.

New Hampshire

S.B. 367-FN-A enacted in 2013. Ch. 268 (HB 1142) enacted in 2014

  • SB 367 increases the per gallon tax by 4 cents. The funds raised are dedicated to rehabilitation and bridge repair projects for the next two years. It also adds bonds for the widening of I-93.
  • HB 1142 extends fuel taxes to fuels used by alternative fuel vehicles. 

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Ohio

HB 59 enacted in 2013. Ohio Turnpike Authority will begin raising tolls Jan. 1, 2014

Biennial state transportation budget: A plan that would authorize the Ohio Turnpike Authority to issue $1.5 billion in new debt over 6 years to finance (roads-only) projects around the state. The debt would be repaid with increased turnpike tolls, and a large share of funds will be spent in Northern Ohio. (Though debts would be repaid with greater turnpike tolls, tolls for locals will be frozen for the next ten years. EZ pass transponder required.)

Pennsylvania

Act 89 (HB 1060) enacted November 25, 2013

When fully implemented:

  • Raises an additional $2.3 billion per year, including $1.65 billion for highways and $476 million for transit
  • Establishes a first-of-its-kind, $144-million-per-year Multimodal Transportation Fund for local economic development
  • Will allocate an additional $220 million to local governments (a 60% increase)
  • Eliminates the per-gallon gas tax
  • Increases the sales tax on gas assessed at the wholesale level (by gradually eliminating the cap on taxable value and replacing it with a floor)
  • Increases vehicle registration, licensing and truck weight fees and moving violation fines

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Rhode Island

H 7133 A enacted in 2014

H7133 directs revenues from vehicle fees and rental car taxes to the state highway maintenance fund, increases the gas tax by approximately one cent in 2015 and sets it to inflation for future years, and calls for a statewide referendum to approve issuing $35 million in bonds to fund multi-modal transit hub infrastructure. (This referendum is currently slated to appear on the ballot in November 2014.)

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Vermont

Act 12 [H.510] enacted in 2013

Governor’s budget bill raises $28 million annually by adding new 2% sales tax assessment to gasoline, reducing gas tax from 20 cents to 19.2 cents and issuing a $9 mil. bond to be repaid with existing revenues. Passed through a transportation budget bill, goes into effect on May 1, 2013. Diesel per gallon tax will rise three cents over two years, starting July 1.

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Virginia

Ch. 766 (HB 2313) enacted in 2013

  • Multimodal
  • $3.5 billion over five years
  • Sales taxes: Directs .175% of existing sales tax revenues to transportation; raises sales tax by .3% with 1.25% of the increase dedicated to transit and passenger rail. (Statewide sales tax increases from 5% to 5.3%)
  • Local taxes: Imposes mandatory taxes in two regions: in Northern Virginia, increases sales tax by .7% and adds 15 cent per $100 assessed value to real estate transfer tax along with a 2% increase in hotel tax); in Hampton Roads it increases sales tax by .7% and adds a 2.1% wholesale tax on gasoline
  • Gas tax: Eliminates the cents per gallon tax on gasoline and diesel; adds a 3.5% wholesale tax on gasoline and 6% on diesel (wholesale tax increases by 1.6% in 2015 if the Internet sales tax ban is not lifted)
  • Vehicle fees: Adds a $64 fee on hybrid vehicles and raises the motor vehicle sales and use tax by 1.15%
  • Other fees: Direct a portion of internet sales tax receipts to transportation if Congressional ban is lifted, which would raise $1.13 billion over five years

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Wyoming

Act 38 (HB 0069) enacted in 2013

Raise $70 million annually by increasing the gas tax ten cents per gallon. Intended for highways only.

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Recently attempted legislation — 2013-2014 sessions

Here are some of the historical details on the legislative plans to raise transportation revenue considered during the previous 2013-2014 sessions. Note: states have varying schedules for their legislative sessions. Some wrap around the year, and in some states, they begin new sessions on the calendar year or do all business in just a few months each year.

Legislation attempted in the 2013-2014 sessions to raise revenue

Alaska

HJR 10 passed the House on 3/13/14, and then died in the Senate. All other proposals in the 2013-2014 session died before passage

  • HJR 10: Creates a dedicated multimodal transportation fund. (Link)
  • HB 122: Would appropriate $2 billion to the newly created transportation fund. (Link)
  • HB 123: Creates a project selection panels to review transportation projects and recommend projects to be funded by the newly-created transportation fund. (Link)

Last updated: 9/4/14

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Colorado

H.B. 14-1259 died in the 2013-2014 session before passage

H.B. 14-1259: Would transfer $100 million from the general fund to the state highway fund. Transferred funds would be dedicated to “maintenance, repair, reconstruction, and replacement of existing state highways and bridges.” (Link)

Last updated: 9/4/14

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Connecticut

Was passed out of Joint Transportation Committee 3/14/14. S.J. 23 died in the 2013-2014 session before passage.

S.J. 23: Would dedicate money in the state multimodal Special Transportation Fund to transportation projects by prohibiting transfers for purposes unrelated to transportation. (Link)

Last Updated: 9/4/14

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Delaware

Governor’s proposal in the 2013-2014 session died before passage

Proposed by Governor: Governor Markell had proposed a 10 cent per gallon tax increase, raising $50 million per year for the transportation fund. He proposed coupling this funding increase with $50 million per year in additional borrowing to accelerate projects. He also proposed indexing the gas tax to inflation. This proposal followed his recommendations of a 2011 bipartisan task force report, according to the Governor. (Link)

Last Updated: 9/4/14

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Idaho

All proposals in the 2013-2014 session died before passage

Several marker funding bills were introduced in the 2013 legislative session seeking to raise revenue-up to $237 million per year – through combinations of increased general sales taxes, fuel taxes, registration fees, and new fees or taxes on hybrid vehicles, tires and rental cars.

  • H 337: Would add a 1% general sales tax dedicated to transportation. (Link)
  • H 338: Would gradually increase the per-gallon tax to 40 cents, add a 4 cents per gallon wholesale fuel tax, and increase registration and weight fees. (Link)
  • H 339: Would direct sales tax revenues from tires, batteries, and car accessories sales to the state highway fund. (Link)

Last Updated: 9/4/14

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Iowa

House Transportation Subcommittee approved the HSB 514 1/30/14. All proposals in the 2013-2014 session died before passage

  • HSB 514: Would increase the gas tax by 10 cents per gallon, with progressive annual increases. The tax is projected to bring in $230 million per year, just enough to cover the state’s annual $215 million transportation shortfall. (Link)
  • SF 2068: Would automatically index the gas tax to inflation by scaling rates annually to the average consumer price index. (Link)

Last Updated: 9/4/14

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Kentucky

Gas tax provision amended out of the final bill (H.B. 445) in 2013

H.B. 445 attempted to change the wholesale tax floor for gasoline.

Michigan

Package of legislation introduced (S.B. 6, H.B. 4630, H.B. 4925, H.B. 5452, H.B. 5453, H.B. 5459, H.B. 5477), most of which are still pending in session.

S.B. 6 (Pending)

  • Would dedicate 12% of the state’s sales tax collected on motor fuel sales to the state’s transportation fund.
  • This would raise an estimated $125 million from the general fund to the transportation fund.

2014 House Legislation (Pending — all have passed the House)

  • Total revenue is an estimated $495 million by the fiscal year 2018
  • HB 4630: Would increase several vehicle fees and taxes. Revenues from these fees are constitutionally dedicated to transportation purposes.
  • HB 4925: Would expand authorization for the Department of Transportation to enter public-private partnerships. It would also allow for the issuance of revenue bonds and allow tolling or user charges on new capacity constructed through public-private arrangements.
  • HB 5452: Would increase overweight permit fees. This funding would be dedicated to the state trunkline highway fund.
  • HB 5453: Would increase overweight and over-height vehicle fines. Half of this revenue would be dedicated to funding state and local highways.
  • HB 5459: Would dedicate revenues from a 4% sales tax on motor fuels to the state transportation fund. These funds would be distributed to the state, counties, and municipalities. It would not be distributed to transit agencies.
  • HB 5477: Would change the fixed, cents per gallon fuel tax to a percentage sales tax on fuel, which would be adjusted annually. The annual increase would be capped to be not more than one cent, five percent, or the rate of inflation. The new gas and diesel rate would be six percent of the average wholesale price.

Governor’s budget (Enacted) 

  • Approved $215 million in one-time transportation funding
  • $100 million of that will go to local governments for supplemental repair
  • $115 million is dedicated to major state infrastructure projects

Last updated: 8/11/14

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Minnesota

SF 2107 died in the 2013-2014 session before passage.

SF 2107: Would raise new revenues for transportation from several sources. It would establish a 5% wholesale gas tax. It would adjust a sales tax and impose a vehicle sales excise tax in the Twin Cities metro area to fund regional transit expansion and operation. The bill would dedicate $2 billion from bond sales to statewide transportation programs over the next four years. It would also adjust a metropolitan competitive grant program in the Twin Cities metro area to include grants to municipalities for regional trails, safe routes to schools, streetcars, and planning and enacting a transportation alternatives competitive grant program for greater Minnesota. (Link)

Last Updated: 9/4/14

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Mississippi

A Senate designated task force — Completed

A Senate designated task force determined that the state needed more revenue for transportation, but did not identify a funding source. It also recommended further study.

Last updated: 8/11/14

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Missouri

Voter referendum created by HJR68 failed at the ballot

HJR 68: Would add a ¾% sales tax to be dedicated to transportation. Five percent of the new revenues would be directed to counties on a formula based on road miles. Another five percent of new revenues would be directed to municipalities on a formula based on population. The remaining 90% would go directly to the transportation commission for multimodal construction. The measure would need to be approved by voters statewide. (Link)

Nebraska

LB 1092 died in the 2013-2014 session before passage

LB 1092: Would allow a portion of the sales tax funds which are dedicated for highway construction to be bonded against, accelerating project construction. The bill would not increase revenues. (Link)

Last updated: 9/4/14

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New Jersey

A801 (a study) passed the Assembly. Bills S1865, S1896, and S2051 are all pending

  • A801 Would direct turnpike authorities to study additional revenue options from expanded services, communication towers, and advertising at rest areas
  • S1896 Would increase the gas and diesel taxes by 5 cents per year for the next three years
  • S1896 Would legalize marijuana, levy a sales tax on marijuana purchases, and dedicate 70% of the tax revenue generated from the sales to the state transportation fund for construction of transportation projects.
  • S2015 Would change the fixed cents per gallon tax to a variable tax on the average retail price of gas.

Last updated: 8/11/14

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New Mexico

All proposals in the 2013-2014 session died before passage

  • HB 74: Would increase the gas tax by five cents per gallon for ten years, raising an estimated $70 million per year. It would authorize the state transportation commission to bond up to $300 million for an earmarked list of highway projects. (Link)
  • SB 228: Would increase the gas tax by a total of 13 cents between 2019 and 2024. Beginning in 2024, the gas tax rate would be adjusted annually based on the rate of inflation. The bill also increases the portion of state gas tax revenues distributed to local governments. (Link)

Last updated: 9/4/14

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Rhode Island

SB 2335 died in the 2013-2014 session before passage

SB 2335: Would set aside 1.5% of the state’s annual appropriations for transportation and dedicate an additional 0.5% of state funding to transit. A bond issue would be put to voters in November 2014 to approve additional transportation funding. The new transportation fund would also collect 0.125% of the state general sales tax if sales tax collection from online sellers were enacted. The act would also create a study committee to review gas tax revenues and alternative funding sources. (Link)

Last updated: 9/4/14

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South Carolina

H 3412 passed the House on 2/27/13. All proposals in the 2013-2014 session died before passage

  • S 891: Would increase the per-gallon gas tax by a total of 20 cents with and an annual 2 cent increase until 2023. The additional funds would be deposited in the multimodal State Highway Fund. (Link)
  • H 4563: Would increase the gas tax by 15 cents per gallon over the next three years then implement automatic adjustments based on the average fuel price. A provision limits the rate to not exceed that in neighboring North Carolina or Georgia. The bill also allows for income tax deductions to partially offset the gas tax increase for the first three years. (Link)
  • H 3498: Would increase the gas tax by 10 cents per gallon and then implement automatic adjustments based on the average fuel price. (Link)
  • H 3412: Would annually adjust the per-gallon gas tax to inflation and increase several vehicle fees. It would set aside 80% of new vehicle registration fees to the South Carolina Transportation Infrastructure Bank. The bill authorizes the state DOT to bone up to $500 million to finance priority projects. (Link)

Last updated: 9/4/14

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South Dakota

All proposals in the 2013-2014 session died before passage

  • HB 1230: Would allow counties to raise property taxes to fund transportation. It would remove an existing provision that such county revenues can be used only to match federal transportation dollars. (Link)
  • SB 111: Would allow counties more leeway in increasing property taxes, allowing increases with inflation up to 4% annually. (Link)
  • Study: A legislative summer study commission will review short- and long-term funding for transportation.

Last updated: 9/4/14

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Utah

All proposed bills died before passage

  • HB 388: Would allow counties to impose an additional 0.25% local option sales tax to fund transportation. The local option tax would have to be put before voters to be approved. None of the additional tax authority could be used to fund rail capital or repay bonds for rail capital costs. (Link)
  • SB 60: Would reduce the gas tax from 24.5c per gallon to 14c per gallon while adding a 3.69% fuel tax (assessed on the average annual wholesale fuel cost). The bill sets a rate floor so the tax could not be less than the current 24.5c excise tax. (Link)
  • HB 240: Would increase the gas tax by 7.5c per gallon. It also increases the per-gallon-equivalent tax for natural gas vehicles. (Link)

Washington

HB 1954 failed on first vote, but passed upon reconsideration. Currently pending in Senate committee

House Bill 1954

  • Multimodal
  • No revenue targets.
  • Local taxes: Counties authorized to add $40 vehicle license fee. 0.7% motor vehicle excise tax in King County. 0.7% motor vehicle excise tax to support Community Transit in Snohomish County. Allow voter-approved enhancement “subzones” to fund transit; and allow cities to level between 1-3 cents in gas taxes on top of state level
  • Gas taxes: 10 cent per gallon increase in gas tax with a portion allocated directly to cities and counties
  • Vehicle fees: 0.7% increase in motor vehicle excise tax (MVET) a portion of which would go to transit agencies, cities, and counties across the state. A 15% increase in weight fees on large trucks; increase certain vehicle fees
  • Other: $25 fee on the purchase of premium bicycles to fund complete streets programs

Last updated: 4/19/13

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