2016 Leadership Academy

On performance measures

Transportation Leadership Academy Logos WITH BRAND

T4America, in partnership with the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), created the 2016 Transportation Leadership Academy to support metropolitan regions at the early stages of performance measure development. Included on this hub are the tools and materials developed for this academy as well as resources referenced during the program. Read more about the academy in our introductory blog post.

Feedback on the 2016 Academy

“T4A has been great at bringing together diverse electeds from around the region with staff to develop more innovative approaches to funding, performance measures, and project selection.” – Rob Johnson, Seattle 

“Great content that provides meaningful and relatable examples. The academy helps regions of all sizes consider ways to make wise investments and involve the public.” – James Turnwald, South Bend

2016 Transportation Leadership Academy Resources

Below are recordings of webinars we held as part of the 2016 Transportation Leadership Academy. We also distilled other useful resources on performance measures into a select list of documents and other online resources.


Reports & documents 

  • Making the Most of MAP-21
    • A guide to the 2012 federal transportation law, Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21), and how to use it in your community. In particular, chapter 2 provides a helpful overview of how performance measures and accountability work in MAP-21 (see pages 21-29).
  • Measuring What We Value
    • This report lays out the various ways performance measures can be used in long-range planning, project selection and alternatives analysis – including methods already successfully in use across the country. It shows a wide array of measures that address the public’s interest in the transportation system, not just conventional engineering standards. The report highlights the benefits of performance-based decision-making, what this means under MAP-21, what to consider when choosing performance measures, and recommendations for goal areas and measures.
  • Evaluating Potential Performance Measures for Congestion and System Performance
    • This report summarizes recommendations of the Eno Center for Transportation, the Bipartisan Policy Center, and the State Smart Transportation Initiative, including recommended measures of congestion and system performance as well as additional considerations for their successful implementation. These recommendations are based in part on discussions during a workshop on June 20, 2013 – prior to the release of all final MAP-21 performance measure rule-makings.
  • Measuring Performance in the Federal Transportation Program: A Path to Progress and Accountability
    • This report outlines the series of steps necessary to transition to a performance-based transportation program. In addition, Transportation for America, in conjunction with industry leaders, partner organizations and experts, developed a recommended suite of national goals and objectives that are outlined in Appendix A of this report.
  • North Carolina DOT: Development of a Performance Management System
    • FHWA provides a transportation performance management case study of North Carolina DOT. The case study includes an overview of McKinsey and Company’s analysis and recommendations to NCDOT and the department’s work to recreate a better performance management system.
  • Performance Based Planning and Programming Guidebook
    • Performance-based planning and programming (PBPP) refers to the application of performance management principles within the planning and programming processes of transportation agencies to achieve desired performance outcomes for the multimodal transportation system. This FHWA guidebook is designed to help state DOTs, MPOs, RTPOs, transit agencies, and other partner organizations understand: the key elements of a PBPP process and the relationship of these elements within existing planning and programming processes.

Other resources on performance measures

The work of the 2016 Transportation Leadership Academy benefited from the guidance and support of an Advisory Committee, made up of leaders from around the country.

Advisory Committee

  • Eric Anderson, Maricopa Association of Governments
  • Victor Austin, FTA
  • Andrew Austin, Metro Parks Tacoma
  • Brian Betlyon, FHWA
  • Emily Chatterjee, Leadership Conference
  • David Harris, FHWA
  • Steve Heminger, Metropolitan Transportation Commission
  • Susanna Hughes Reck, FHWA
  • Tameka Macoon, FHWA
  • Joe McAndrew, T4America
  • Mike McKeever, Sacramento Area Council of Governments
  • Michael Nesbitt, FHWA
  • Michael Skipper, Nashville Area MPO
  • Spencer Stevens, FHWA
  • Eric Sundquist, SSTI
  • Dave Van-Hattum, Transit for Livable Communities

2016 Transportation Leadership Academy participating regions

Boston, MA


The Boston MPO led a team of transportation professionals from the Metropolitan Boston, Massachusetts region, which has a total estimated population of 5.8 million.

Cleveland, OH


The Northeast Ohio Areawide Coordinating Agency (NOACA) led a team of transportation professionals from the Cleveland, Ohio metropolitan region, which has a total estimated population of 2.9 million.

Des Moines, IA


The Des Moines Area MPO led a team of transportation professionals from the Des Moines-West Des Moines, Iowa metropolitan region, which has a total estimated population of 456,000.

Indianapolis, IN


The Indy MPO led a team of transportation professionals from the Indianapolis, Indiana metropolitan region, which has a total estimated population of 1.6 million.

Lee County, FL


The Lee County MPO led a team of transportation professionals from the Cape Coral–Fort Meyers, Florida metropolitan region, which has total estimated population of 440,000.

Seattle, WA


The Puget Sound Regional Council led a team of transportation professionals from the Bremerton-Silverdale and Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Washington metropolitan regions, which represent a total estimated population of 3.5 million.



The Michiana Area Council of Governments (MACOG) led a team of transportation professionals from the South Bend-Mishawaka and Elkhart-Goshen, Indiana metropolitan regions, which has a total estimated population of 265,000.